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  • How to take care of stroke survivors who have been discharged from hospital?

    Stroke can cause serious physical and psychological effects on the patient. Caring for a stroke patient is a daunting task. Family members should understand the condition of the patient and the various challenges they may face, and ensure that they receive appropriate home care, medication, medical care and psychological support. Families need to know how to effectively care for patient to keep them safe and healthy. Here are some tips for caring for stroke survivors who are recovering at home: 1. Physical activity: Rehabilitation patients should follow the doctor's instructions and do some appropriate exercise every day to promote blood circulation in the limbs, gradually improve mobility, and avoid muscle atrophy which is good for recovery. 2. Diet and rest: Choose more high-nutrient and low-fat foods and arrange patient's rest time every day to maintain the health of patients and also reduce the risk of recurrence after stroke. In terms of nutrition, high fiber food like wheat husks, fruits, beans provide lower cholesterol levels. Foods high in saturated fat and cholesterol or Foods that are too salty or too sweet should be avoided. In addition, drinking water can help maintaining smooth bowel movements. 3. Medication: Take the medicine on time according to the doctor's instructions. You can find smart pill boxes and medicine cutters from medicine which are convenient for patients and their families to arrange for taking medicine. 4. Home safety: Providing a safe environment for the recovering patient and providing necessary equipment to prevent the recovering person from being re-injured at home will help the recovery process. For example, if the recovering person needs a wheelchair, family members need to consider whether the wheelchair can pass through the current corridors, aisles, doors, bathrooms and toilets smoothly, so as to reduce the chance of home accidents. Home security system such as sensors, smart cameras can help to sense accident immediately. Regarding the design of home care for the rehabilitated, a professional designer specialize in home optimization will help you save time and money. 5. Mental health: Stroke affects physical function, which is a heavy blow to the patient. Family members should assist the recovering patients to stay in a positive attitude, Caregivers should encourage patients to participate in social activities, schedule company time to listen to their needs, give them warm care, and support them in treatment to help them cope with the stress of treatment.

  • What goals need to be set before home optimization?

    Nowadays, the most common building and interior designs in Hong Kong are generally designed and built for young and active nuclear families, that the plan rarely take into account the living facilities of the disabled or the elderly. Therefore, the general ready-made home design seldom incorporates elderly-friendly elements. As the structure of our society has changed significantly in recent decades, the population is aging rapidly while the corresponding facilities are still in short supply. Multiple studies show that most seniors intend to stay in their home as long as possible after retirement. It's a pity that most of the home environment does not meet the needs of their constantly changing abilities and status. This situation makes it difficult for the elderly to retire in peace at home, and even leads to frequent occurrence of home accidents. Fortunately, we still have designers certified by senior home safety consultants who can create an age-friendly home that increases safety and promotes long-term autonomy for seniors. Just like ordinary families need to set goals for the whole project before deciding to renovate their home, such as improving the current situation and solving facility problems, etc., the factors to be considered when choosing home improvement for the elderly are mainly the following 5 items: Independence - For example, it will be more convenient for the elderly to get in and out than at present, so that the elderly can take care of their daily activities on their own. Flexibility - A compromised design to meet multiple needs of the elderly and family members to live together, and enhance family harmony. Safety - Reduces barriers in the home and reduces the risk of accidents. Protective - Increase vigilance, detect existing risks, and protect the elderly in time. Comfort/Convenience - Allowing seniors and caregivers to share the comforts of home. Since it is still very difficult to completely prevent home accidents, and reducing the risk of home accidents means reducing injuries, the main goal of home optimization is not to completely eliminate accidents; instead, the focus should be on maintaining or even improving the existing abilities of the elderly, such as predicting the future Changes in the physical condition of the elderly. In addition, family members and elders themselves must understand and accept the urgency of optimizing their home for themselves and other family members, and should participate as much as possible. The biggest advantage of aging at home is that the elderly can stay in the familiar home environment. Even moving to a senior living facility is no substitute for belonging. That is to say, the combination of familiar furniture, colors and environment, carrying the memories of many years, adding meaning and fun to the daily life of the elderly. Even if a family member is getting old, it needs to be remembered that this is their home, and everyone in the family needs to plan together. At the same time extend their self-care ability, and also need to have a design that suits their taste and style. Today, we have various types of assistive devices and nursing care devices which are easily integrated into the home environment without designing like a nursing home or hospital that lacked the warmth of home.

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